Setup Postfix with LDAP

August 01, 2016

Reading time ~2 minutes

Intro

There are many ways to configure a virtual mail environment using postfix, but in this post I will describe the steps I took to configure postfix to work with OpenLDAP on a Linux host. The end goal was to utilize LDAP lookup tables for virtual domains, mailboxes and aliases.

LMTP

First, instead of LDA I chose LMTP as my local delivery agent. As described in Dovecot's LMTP wiki, I changed virtual_transport = dovecot to = lmtp:unix:private/dovecot-lmtp

master.cf should also contain an external delivery method for LMTP similar to

dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/lmtp -f ${sender} -d ${recipient}

Next, I included the following 8 virtual lines in main.cf

virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
virtual_minimum_uid = 5000
virtual_mailbox_domains = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-virtual-domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-vmailbox.cf
virtual_alias_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-aliases.cf
virtual_mailbox_limit = 512000000
virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail/

Notice I have specified ldap: instead of the more common hash: database with the absolute path to 3 files needed for domains, mailboxes and aliases.

Domains

ldap-virtual-domains.cf

server_host = ldap://ldap.example.net/
search_base = ou=Domains,dc=example,dc=net
version = 3
bind = no
query_filter = (&(ObjectClass=dNSDomain)(dc=%s))
result_attribute = dc

Verify domain in LDAP queries successfully

postmap -q domain1.net ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-virtual-domains.cf

will return domain1.net

If there is no result the domain may not be in LDAP. To add domains in LDAP see this page.

Mailboxes

ldap-vmailbox.cf

server_host = ldap://ldap.example.net/
search_base = ou=Mail,dc=example,dc=net
version = 3
bind = no
query_filter = (&(objectclass=inetOrgPerson)(mail=%s))
result_attribute = mail

Verify user mailbox in LDAP queries successfully

postmap -q johndoe@domain1.net ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-vmailbox.cf

will return johndoe@domain1.net

If there is no result make sure the email address exists as the primary mail account and not a mail alias. See this page on how you can add new mail user records in LDAP.

Aliases

ldap-aliases.cf

server_host = ldap://ldap.example.net/
search_base = ou=Mail,dc=example,dc=net
version = 3
bind = no
query_filter = (&(objectclass=PostfixBookMailAccount)(mailAlias=%s))
result_attribute = mail

Verify user mail alias in LDAP queries successfully

postmap -q superjohn@domain2.me ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap/ldap-aliases.cf

will return johndoe@domain1.net

Notice when you query an alias the primary email address is returned and not the actual alias.

If all queries return expected results for mail domains, mailboxes and aliases we can proceed with configuring Dovecot to work with LDAP.

comments powered by Disqus

LDAP Mail Distribution Groups with Postfix

A common feature with mail environments is to use distribution groups that you could add and remove group members from. This is fairly commo…… Continue reading

Mail forwarding with Postfix and LDAP

Published on September 02, 2017

Splunk Enterprise (Free) LDAP auth in Apache

Published on August 03, 2017